二種類の嘘

「事実と異なることを、故意に人に話すこと」を嘘と定義するなら、嘘には二つの種類がある。一つは、人をおとしめて自己の利益を図るためのもので、悪い嘘である。もう一つは、人を喜ばせ元気にするためのもので、良い嘘である。
良い嘘は、世の中では嘘と言わないかも知れないが、これらは人間社会を豊かにする大切なものである。逆の言い方をすれば、「何でも、真実を告げればよい」という考えでは、人間社会は成り立たないということだ。挨拶で、「お元気ですね」という代わりに、真実を尊重して、「老けましたね」などと言う人は、どこか狂っている。人間は、無意識に、心が、感情が、合理性や論理性に優先して生きている。思いやりが、故意に、事実の表現を歪めることもある。しかし、これは、倫理性に劣るわけでもなく、論理性に欠けるわけでもない。
物質万能主義や合理主義に慣らされると、この辺りの微妙なバランスが分からなくなってくる。インターネット上の悪意情報は、嘘も真実も含めて問題外としよう。今、問題とするのは、善意と公共性を前提とするマス・メディアに、この点での勘違い(分かってやっている?)が多く見られることだ。支配層による「言論の自由圧迫」は許されるものではない。だが、マス・メディアは、倫理的側面を考慮して、自発的な報道の抑制が常に必要なのだ。例えば、それが事実であれば、報道された者やその親族の悲しみを無視して、ニュースに取り上げてよいものだろうか。そのニュースが、ミーハーたちの単なる興味を掻き立てるだけのものであれば、尚更だ。それが視聴率を上げる目的であれば最悪だ。例えば、犯罪ニュースにしても、その表現は慎重に為されなければならない。社会に対する一種の警報のつもりでも、本音が興味本位の報道であれば、犯罪の模倣を招く伝染媒体となるだけである。

二種類の嘘” への189件のコメント

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